Geography


Geography

Bhutan is one of the smallest countries in the world with an area of 38,394 square kilometers (14,824 square miles). The Kingdom lies in the eastern Himalayas sandwiched between Republic of China in the north and India in the east, south and west. Bhutan is a compact country measuring south to north 150km and east to west 300km with just 740,000 inhabitants.

The territory of the Kingdom was never been colonized which the country enjoys sovereignty even now. Centuries ago, many saints from Tibet and India visited Bhutan mainly for meditation and practicing Buddhism. Guru Rinpoche and Zhabdrung are two main figures who came from Tibet in order to spread Buddhism and they are highly worshipped in the country. 

Northern region of Bhutan is mostly dominated by high mountains, measuring more than 7000 meters (22,965 ft) covered with snows all round the year. These mountains were never been submitted until now due to spiritual values. Every Bhutanese believes that mountain is a place for gods and goddesses. The highest unclimbed mountain in the world is called Gangkar Phuensum 7570m (24,836 ft), lies in the central north of Bhutan.

Sub-Alpine region is mostly covered with flowering trees and bushes, Magnolia, Rhododendrons and herbaceous plants.

The ridges between valleys are divided by high passes; Chele-la Pass (4980m) between Haa and Paro is a high motor road pass, Dochu-la Pass (3100m) marked with 108 stupas on bilateral road between Thimphu and Punakha, Pele-la Pass (3300m) between Punakha and Trongsa, Yotong-la Pass between Trongsa and Bumthang, and Thrumshing-la Pass (3780m) between Bumthang and Mongar.

As Bhutan is a part of Himalayas, the climate varies altitude and region wise. Southern region bordering India is mostly affected by monsoon, whereas least affects northern region. Inner highland is affected by monsoon with about 60% of precipitation.

Bhutan has many glacial lakes in the northern part feeding numerous rivers. Many of these lakes can be seen on treks in the Himalayas. One of the famous treks called Jomolhari trek where one could walk along the Tshophu Lake above Jomolhari base camp. Further on the trek is a view point of Mt Kanchenjunga and Makalu in Sikkim. Dagala Thousand Lake trek is the most impressive one as well with lakes along. Find more treks.

Climate of Bhutan

Bhutan is dry in autumn and winter season, but mostly clear weather but warm and little humid in spring and monsoon. Temperature changes with elevation; subtropical regions are more humid and warm in summer and cool in winter, temperature varying minimum of 10°C to maximum 32°C. Subalpine region has pleasant climatic condition with minimum temperature -5°C to maximum 25°C.

Average Temperature in Bhutan

Month Temperature (°C) Paro Thimphu Punakha Trongsa Bumthang
January Max Min 9.4 -5.8 12.3 -2.6 17.0 4.3 13.0 -0.2 10.8 -5.1
February Max Min 3.0 1.5 14.4 0.6 19.0 7.8 13.9 0.4 10.0 -1.4
March Max Min 14.5 0.6 16.4 3.9 22.8 10.4 16.7 4.4 16.2 3.5
April Max Min 17.6 4.6 20.0 7.1 26.2 12.9 20.1 6.6 18.7 3.9
May Max Min 23.5 10.6 22.5 13.1 29.1 17.7 21 11.6 21.3 9.5
June Max Min 25.4 14.1 24.4 15.2 29.2 20.1 22.2 13.6 22.5 13.5
July Max Min 26.8 14.9 25.9 15.6 30.4 20.5 25.3 15.3 24.1 13.6
August Max Min 25.3 14.7 25.0 15.8 29.1 20 23.8 15 23.0 13.7
September Max Min 23.4 11.7 23.1 15 27.5 19.1 22.6 14.2 21.6 12.1
October Max Min 18.7 7.4 21.9 10.4 26.1 14.7 21.8 11.7 19.5 5.9
November Max Min 13.9 1.4 17.9 5.0 22.6 9.6 19.8 6.4 16.1 -0.5
December Max Min 11.2 -1.7 14.5 -1.1 19.1 6.3 18.2 2.5 12.3 -2.3

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