The landscape similar to Switzerland is one of the important tourist spots and pilgrimage of Bhutan, with its many holy sites. Some say the name ‘Bumthang’ was derived from the landscape or plain which is more lo less like ‘Bumpa – holy water vase’.
Bumthang is comprised of four valleys – Chumey, Choekhor, Tang and Ura varying elevation from 2600 to 4000 metres. Important valleys are Choekhor and Chumey, with district administration in Jakar, Choekhor valley and the holy sites. These two valleys live up to agriculture and other two to Yaks, and sheep in former times. Tradition dates the oldest Buddhist temple; Jampa Lhakhang (temple) built by the Tibetan king, Songtsen Goenpo in 7th century. An Indian Buddhist saint, Guru Rinpoche, the precious master visited Bumthang for the first time and taught Buddhism in the 8th century. He meditated and left his body imprint on a rock where later in 17th century built a complex of Kurje Lhakhang. Based on holiness, many saints from Tibet visited Bumthang. Pema Lingpa(1450-1521), born in Tang valley proved to be one of the Relic Discoverers and, the ancestor of the Royal Family of Bhutan. The Nyingmapa temples, standing still with original paintings were built by him.