The landscape similar to Switzerland is one of the important
tourist spots and pilgrimage of Bhutan, with its many holy sites. Some say the
name ‘Bumthang’ was derived from the landscape or plain which is more lo less
like ‘Bumpa – holy water vase’.
Bumthang is comprised of four valleys – Chumey, Choekhor,
Tang and Ura varying elevation from 2600 to 4000 metres. Important valleys are
Choekhor and Chumey, with district administration in Jakar, Choekhor valley and
the holy sites. These two valleys live up to agriculture and other two to Yaks,
and sheep in former times.
Tradition dates the oldest Buddhist temple; Jampa
Lhakhang (temple) built by the Tibetan king, Songtsen Goenpo in 7th
century. An Indian Buddhist saint, Guru Rinpoche, the precious master visited
Bumthang for the first time and taught Buddhism in the 8th century.
He meditated and left his body imprint on a rock where later in 17th
century built a complex of Kurje Lhakhang. Based on holiness, many
saints from Tibet visited Bumthang. Pema Lingpa(1450-1521), born in Tang valley
proved to be one of the Relic Discoverers and, the ancestor of the Royal Family
of Bhutan. The Nyingmapa temples, standing still with original paintings
were built by him.